Research Network

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list of experts, organized per research stream, who provided their data for potential input in the project


Stream 0: General Coordination, Daniel Araya

works with Anton De Rota, coordinator of internal IAEN research

Dissemination in Chile

Paul Codd ,

Just a reminder that I'm able to help from Chile if/when that becomes useful for you on the FLOK Society project. I don't know what your requirements are but for example I could help disseminate info in Chile, or make new connections with Chilean collaborators, or gather info/research etc. ; ; skype: paul.c.macdonald

Report writing for the March conference

David Bollier


here's a short account on my report-writing background: Since the late 1980s, I have written 25-35 page reports for the Aspen Institute's Communications and Society Program -- mostly for its annual, invitation-only InfoTech conference of 25 people. The reports are interpretive syntheses of what was said, in which I have "writer's discretion" in summarizing and interpreting what was said -- but the intent is to fairly portray all perspectives, not to give my personal perspective. I have posted a number of my Aspen reports on my website at and here is the webpage for the Communications and Society Program:

Gordon Cook

"produces authoritative reports on complex telecom issues as evidenced by Telecommunications Infrastructure as Commons for Local Self Determination (October 1, 2013) part 2' Because for the past year I been completely focused on the issues underlying a "do it yourself" telecom infrastructure built and maintained as a commons in Spain and Argentina as well as the USA and France, I am well qualified to grasp the issues facing Ecuador. I have been writing about the issues of internet technology economics and policy since April of 1992. In 1994 (at a conference just outside of Moscow). I was congratulated by the conference organizer for the role I played in helping the commercial and academic sides of the early Russian internet see the need for cooperation. During the run up to the March 2014 meeting and the period following he looks forward to the challenge of documenting the issues and challenges faced by all he parties involved in building the basic commons infrastructure for telecom in Ecuador. In the telecom arena also have my own network of progressive thinkers built up over the past 22 years."

More info: The COOK Report on Internet Protocol Back Issues: ; Cook's Collaborative Edge Blog

Manfred Max-Neef & Team

Max-Neef's team have offered to peer-review our work before it's published. We have made contact with Patricio Belloy.

Stream 1: Human Capabilities, Daniel Araya + Paul Bouchard

Open Learning

Juan Carlos Torres D. ;

"I work on issues of information society for 10 years, mainly linked to the open knowledge, open educational resources, MOOC, open source- and social networks for learning in the university, I also have been a team member of the project about quality standards for e-Learning ("

Open Science Policy

Joshua Pearce ;

"The work you are doing in Ecuador with the Free/Libre Open Knowledge Society is really interesting and I hope for you the best of success. The reason I write is that I may be able to offer some help on the science front. I have a book due out this month: the Open Source Lab: How to Build Your Own Hardware and Reduce Research Costs. It is a basic how to manual for young faculty and I am not exaggerating on the cost savings - for example to outfit an undergrad optics lab the costs drop from $15,000 to about $500 for equipment of equal performance. Research grade equipment cost savings are even more substantial. As a scientist and a libre advocate I really want to see this idea spread as it will create a positive feedback loop.

The meme of open source hardware for science would fit nicely into what you are doing and I would be happy to participate in anyway that you think would be helpful. So I would happy to write a section on OSH for science/guidelines or anything else you many need -- or use parts/all of the book."

Culture, cognitive policy proposal

Joe Brewer, Cognitive Policy Works

I'd love to discuss how Lazlo Karafiath and I might be able to provide cultural research support to the effort by mapping out the memes associated with open culture in Ecuador and beyond.

Cultural Transformation, Jan Inglis <>

“I bring 25 years of commitment to local and global transformation efforts involving public issue analysis, and developmentally designed project coordination and evaluation. This basis of experience has been invaluable for integrating and operationalizing the scope of perceptual and structural changes that the commons paradigm is inspiring. Specifically I can offer progressive steps to support: analysis of complex situations leading to agreements on priorities, \ generative systemic co-thinking, anticipation of multiple and potentially contentious perspectives, structured deliberation of implications and trade offs, public engagement and establishment of legitimacy based on above.

Social software, collective intelligence

Seb Paquet,

Seb Paquet is an expert in knowledge sharing, collaboration technology and social software. He is helping the unfolding of local resilience and a living economy by acting as an explainer, a connector and a catalyst. He wrote one of the first dissertations on social software (2003) and received a Ph.D. in Computer Science from Université de Montréal. He was a professor at Université du Québec à Montréal from 2007 to 2011. He has also been involved in research (National Research Council of Canada) and startup work (Socialtext, Sceneverse) at various points in his career. expertise: collective intelligence, online and offline facilitation, group flow, knowledge sharing, collaboration, culture hacking, peer learning, wikis., social innovation, open collaboration

Indigenous Input

Tamara Stenn


For the past 18 years I have been living in, working in and studying the Andean region of South America. I'm a scholar, researcher, and business developer specializing in the Andes region, specifically in the areas of indigenous rule, indigenous ways of being, political economy, buen vivir Sumak Kawsay, Fair Trade, micro enterprise development, international development aid programs, women in development, and grassroots, community development. My research is often participant based, grounded in anthropology and economic study. I use methods such as Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and ethnographic study with home stays and observation. I am also a certified trainer, online instructor, event planner, workshop designer and curricula developer.

Marc Becker

I have pretty much everything on my webpage My main academic work is on the history of Indigenous movements in Ecuador (in particular see Indians and Leftists in the Making of Ecuador’s Modern Indigenous Movements, Duke University Press, 2008), tho recently I have been writing more about current politics, in particular tensions btwn the Correa administration and the Indigenous movements with which I have long worked (see Pachakutik: Indigenous Movements and Electoral Politics in Ecuador, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2012). Most of my articles are on my webpage

Buen Vivir grassroots communities in Ecuador and surrounding countries

Anthropology of Human Change , max holland ,, Social Theorist

“If you need any anthropological help and contacts, let me know. I am in touch with some well-connected Latin American anthropologists in the region who specialize in working with networks of 'buen vivir' focused grass-roots social movements. Such anthropologists could be useful for getting local buy-in for rolling out pilot projects. On such is Arturo Escobar, a big hitter, who I think would be willing to help your project with regional contacts and door-opening. He is well connected internationally, and may be willing to also put your project in contact with sustainable farming/indigenous knowledge specialists such as Vandana Shiva.”

Suggested by Max Holland for indigenous perspectives

Marc Becker, a historian/anthropologist who works closely with contemporary indigenous groups. Here is a recent interview where his perspective is made clear: ; his email is: ‘

Rudi Colleredo-Mansfeld, an anthropologist working with indigenous groups in the Ecuadorian Andes

Jason Pribilsky, an anthropologist. Jason started a project on the buen vivir plan, but dropped it to start work in Peru. He will nevertheless have ideas and contacts:

General Support, especially with hispanic networks, especially Mexico

Alan Lazalde

I'm a professor and developer, with skills on project management, group facilitation, interested in open education and its posibilities to stimulate innovation among students. I've been working closely with (crowdsourcing), Goteo (crowdfunding), Wikimedia México (editathons, hackathons, social media). Recently as consultor for Ciudadanía 2.0, a SEGIB initiative of colaboration to propose public policies on citizen innovation all over Iberoamerica. Also, I can create new connections with mexican and spanish innovators, entrepreneurs, developers, hackers, scientist and artists.

Digital Participatory Culture

Hamlet López García, Cuban Institute of Cultural Research,

My name is Hamlet López García, I am a researcher of the Cuban Institute of Cultural Research "Juan Marinello", and my line of work is related with the Cuban cultural public policies affecting the develop of the digital participatory culture . This includes the internet and telecommunication regulation, based in the concept of "implicit cultural policies". Recently I published two articles with my findings, based in a research of a virtual community of open and libre software based in Cuba, in the Cuban journal "Temas" and in the CLACSO web site (Latin-American Council for the Social Sciences). Now I am starting a doctoral research, in the Social Communication faculty of Havana´s Univerty, and will be very helpful to me as a researcher and a doctoral candidate, if I could share and discuss findings and ideas with you and your team of the Ecuadorian FLOK Society project. Could be this possible?

Stream 2: Commons-oriented Productive Capacities - George Dafermos

Open Biotechnology

Stefano Golinelli,

My name is Stefano Golinelli and I am a 1st year PhD student in “Politics, Human Rights and Sustainability” at the Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies (Italy) but I am currently in the Netherlands to perform my visiting period with the Department of Sociology and Anthropology of Development of the Wageningen University. Although I don’t have yet a well-defined proposal, my research interests focus on the role that “open source biotechnology” and “do-it-yourself biology” might play in fostering agricultural “tailor-made biotechnologies” attuned to local needs and environments.

I really would like to follow and eventually contribute to your project because it is clearly related to my interests and I also have a special penchant for Latin America since I have spent a couple of years between Chile and Argentina. Please let me know if I can help in anything.

Open Design and Hardware

Emilio Velis, El Salvador,


  • A view on the current artisan-based design initiatives in rural areas. Before we implement machinery and manufacturing in rural areas and communities, we must look deeper into the already-existing communities and design initiatives that suit their needs. Here's a short article I wrote on the subject (English)
  • A discussion on the FLOK definition of 'sustainability' for peer production systems. What defines cost or benefit and how it should be measured in cognitive capitalism and social knowledge economies (this is a hard one!)
  • The standing of IP laws and how they can be currently used as in a transition phase to encourage the creation of open content. One idea that I've been thinking of is the creation of a 'reverse blanket fee' for corporation, that is, a tax for corporation to use works from the public domain. (

Victor Valenzuela,

Project: "Introducing Open sustainable hardware solutions in communities"

This project is part of FLOK Society project and RedEC (Collaborative Evolution Network, Chile). For this, Víctor Valenzuela will work in the “Hardware and connectivy: sustainability and sovereignty of techonological infrastructures” work area of FLOK, focusing on the open hardware solutions and working with communities.

Massimo Menichinelli,

policies regardings Open Commons and especially Open Design, so here are some blog posts about policies for Open Design, Digital Fabrication and FabLabs:


Selçuk Balamir, ;

currently a PhD Fellow at the Amsterdam School for Cultural Analysis, researching the sustainability implications of 'postcapitalist' design cultures that practice 'commoning'. To what extent the production of shared value (as opposed to exchange value) in the emergent practices of peer production, open source, and digital fabrication prefigure a new and sustainable basis for product design, and redirect the production and distribution of material artefacts towards viable, desirable and equitable configurations?

Vasilis Kostakis, ,

"Vasilis Kostakis (PhD, MSc, MA) is a political economist and founder of the P2P Lab. He is serving as a research fellow at the Tallinn University of Technology as well as at the P2P Foundation.His ongoing research projects focus on the conjunction of Commons-based peer production with desktop manufacturing and digital fabrication capabilities and their impact on economy, urbanism, culture, and education. In addition, along with other P2P scholars, he is developing the concept of the partner state and policies for a transition to a Common-based economy."

Open Food Production

Food as a Commons, Jose Luis Vivero Pol

"PhD Research Fellow Catholic University of Louvain

Jose Luis Vivero Pol is an anti-hunger and social rights activist with fourteen years of experience on food security policies and programs, Right to Food advocacy, nutrition interventions, and food sovereignty in Latin America, Africa, and the Caucasus. Additionally, he has experience in biodiversity conservation and plant genetic resources. An agricultural engineer by profession, he is a PhD research fellow at the Catholic University of Louvain, and his current interests include the ethical, legal, and political dimensions of the transition toward fairer and more sustainable food systems, the governance of global commons, and the motivations for biodiversity conservation and anti-hunger actions." (

The working paper can be downloaded at the SSRN Repository website: “Food as a commons: reframing the narrative of the food system”

A brief explanatory text is found in the UN University website:

Richard Nelson ,, SolaRoofCoop

I am really pleased to discuss with you the wonderful opportunity to contribute to the success of the Ecuadorian Open Knowledge economic development program. I am home in Montreal, which is -5GMT. I am attaching the draft documents that describe the SolaRoof plans for POD development and the proposed PODnet global community. I am available on Google Hangout (use my gmail account) or use my Skype name, solaroof. Home phone 001 514 646 0979 or Mobile 001 514 692 9107 (text me if you don't see me online). I am in on Monday - will be online by 0800.

I am ready and able to contribute in practical project development/management/ delivery and can swiftly guide local teams to build actual projects with a focus on learning by doing. I show how to enable thousands of family enterprise - with the POD as greenhouse for the 21st Century family farm - the POD is climate controlled in all climates (hot or cold) and highly productive, with multiple crops. The regenerative cycles result in surplus of water, nutrients and energy, which means there is not any limitation on the success of the growers who learn the clean/green technologies called SolaRoof. SolaRoof is an OpenSource technology and that fits with the wonderful and enlightened policy of the government.

Open Supply Chains

Fernando Baptista,

my technological background is on industrial automation and I have been very involved in experiences and research concerning the use of social medias and collaborative digital tools to foster open collective intelligence, open co-creation, distributed manufacture and distributed diversified transactions (including also their impact and enhancements on presencial interactive environments), or in other words, highly-interactive digital-presencial economic configurations based on openness and common pools of intangibles... I would be able to research and to develop sets of orienting rules and norms for digital infrastructures compatible with such a model

Agricultural Cooperation and Sustainability

Vicente Cordova <>

"My academic formation focused on remote sensing science and teaching science at university level. When I returned to Ecuador after 8 years abroad, I was positively surprised with the pace and extent of the changes that the new vision of governance was implementing. I had the opportunity of working first hand in those changes, as Director of Scientific Research at SENESCYT for almost one year. That position gave me a great insight of the R&D structure and policy in Ecuador. I fact, I collaborated with the draft of the New Plan of Science and Technology and was involved in the reorganisation of the State Research Institutes. As director of local development and environment at the government of Municipio de Pìllaro, I started working directly with farmers, ranchers and small entrepreneurs, looking for financial sources for several programs to help the community be economic and environmentally sustainable. Now, I collaborate with the Ecuadorian Space Institute IEE, as scientific advisor by means of an agreement between UTC and IEE. At all those jobs, I became more aware of the real limitations for both research and development in the production processes. There is a tremendous lack of information the farmers need to enhance their production processes. The capital (corporations) have sequestered the technical information and competencies from the technicians and given to the sales executives. The farmers have developed a high dependence on the agrochemical salesmen, affecting the environment and condemning the farmers and consumers to increasing levels of poverty and negative environmental and health effects. I consider the last roya outbreak in Ecuador a direct consequence of the overuse of chemicals enforced by the agrochemical companies. The lack of information has rendered the irrigation projects across the country useless and of high environmental impact. We don´t have a reliable, in real time, trustable source of agro meteorologic information to make technical decisions, redounding in a lack of real information for political decision. This situation has worsen the perspectives of sustainability on most of the production processes, specially in ecosystems that have evolved in dry conditions for millions of years (peninsula de Santa Elena). The research efforts that we as UTC and IEE are carrying out, must have the sustainability components, to ensure the survival of our country. Creating and migrating towards a knowledge based society is the only option. Management of intellectual property, in such a way that the whole community can access to, is a priority for the research instances, in order to achieve technological and scientific independency."

Open Energy

"Chris Hebdon, an environmental doctorate student at Yale and also director of "the rights of nature" law program of the university.

After a very rich conversation, he offered to be a link between the FLOK project/research and the Yale School of Environment faculty (47 members) and students - doctorate (75) and masters (280) - who usually are very willing to help/interact in a volunteer way with projects that have an environmental/sustainability aspect. He also mentioned about the possibility of a more formal partnership between Yale and FLOK.

Chris specialty is in renewable energy."

Stream 3: Social Infrastructure and Institutional Innovation, John Restakis

Peer Production of Public Services

Dr. Katarzyna Gajewska,

" the project you have launched reflects my current research interests. I am interested in in peer-to-peer production in the domain of physical production of public services. I am working on developing an application for EU funding (we have already started preparing a funding application with Professor Colin C. Williams, I need to rework the first draft of the application). The title of my research proposal is 'Work experience in peer-to-peer forms of production in the provision of public services: envisioning an alternative model for developed countries.' Being an exercise in future studies research, my project will analyze a scenario of work process reorganization in the domain of public service provision. While I use the term public services, the less popular but more adequate term would be the services of general economic interest. In contrast to the most wide-spread forms of service provision, namely provided by state or private market organizations, I will explore the production of services following a different logic than the delegation of the production and coordination to a commercial or state provider. I will focus on organizational forms beyond delegation and employment relations, which involve such forms as peer-to-peer production, self-organization and self-management (autogestion), and prosumerism. Examples of such organizations are collectives producing goods based on spontaneous involvement, exchange networks, time banks. I will focus on two aspects of the work experience in such projects: the power relations and interest representation on the one hand and the psychological consequences of participation in decentralized and non-hierarchic work process on the other hand."

Contributive Value Accounting and Visualisation

Joachim Lohkamp, JOLOCOM

“ValueXchange indeed is an important topic in context of the Social Dynamic Graph, yet the emphasis lies in the P2P graphic design that I developed. It is node based, uses filters and an algorithm of recency, activity and relevance. Ii integrates the four dimensions of knowledge/ideas, people, location and time in a contextualized mobile interface that is simple and intuitively to use. The roots of this design lie in a rather unconventional research of ancient knowledge, spirituality, geometry and the observation and learnings from living systems.”

Open Standards for Stable Currencies, IP, Personal Data and Value Chain Management Platform development

Marc Gauvin,

"We can really build something that fits the FLOK objectives, is mainstream and can address the urgent need to build an all inclusive IP based P2P market that combines IP management using standards such ISO/IEC 21000-19 Media Value Chain Ontology (MVCO) ( ) with open standards for value measure (currency) satisfying ASTA3 Requirements ( for stable mutual credit. Important to this, is the need for users to control their personal data, hence part of the work would include extending the MVCO for user based transparent management of their personal data."

Global Business Structures

Donnie Maclurcan,

", I would appreciate being considered for the role of external expert for the 'enabling legal and other institutional frameworks to support open productive capacities' stream. I can offer this stream strategic insights into global approaches to business structures and their associated legal and institutional frameworks (e.g., community interest companies, not-for-profit enterprise, cooperatives, BCorporations. I am currently mapping these structures worldwide, and I presently understand many of the intricacies/nuances of these systems). I am able to shed light on which forms seem to be working best. Having consulted to government, private sector, academic and NGO groups, and simultaneously worked with the Post Growth Institute on alternative economic futures, I have a distinct understanding of the policy ramifications associated with shifting to open, ethical economies and some creative ideas about how 'the firm' might operate in a truly sustainable way. I also have strong knowledge and networks relating to best practices around value accounting and externalities, the circular economy, impact investing, community impact bonds and the interplay of these with emerging forms of accountable governance."

Open Venture Funding

Paul Codd,

"Paul is a two times entreprenuer and former lecturer of Business Strategy, Systems thinking, and Corporate Social Responsibility at ESERP Business School, Barcelona and Staffordshire University, England. Prior to teaching his background includes internet projects from startups to corporates. He also acted as organisational development and culture change consultant to top teams in the local government sector in England. His interests include photography, organisational systems and paradigms, and he is in the process of becoming a Holacracy practitioner. For the last 12 months or so he has been developing a start-up funding mechanism called the Chakana Fund which includes open and P2P innovations to the traditional VC model."

Collaborative finance as a tool for Ecuador`s transition

Jerome Birolini,

I have worked for the past 8 years in investment and social finance. Up until June of 2013, I was working in the microfinance industry where I have worked with more than 50 microfinance institutions in various countries of Latin America, including Ecuador. I am currently studying on the Schumacher College`s "Economics for Transition" Masters degree and would be delighted to help look at how finance can be used to facilitate Ecuador`s transition. I am ready to contribute to practical project development/management/delivery related to the following: social and community funding, interest-rate free lending, complementary currencies and community land trusts. I will be based in England until the end of March 2014 but could potentially relocate after that in order to help the implementation process in the field. Finally, I can create new connections with the various academics, educators, entrepreneurs, scientists and activists that come to speak at the college.

Stream 4: Open Technical Infrastructures - Jenny Torres

FLO software solutions for disaster relief and resilience

Devin Balkind, Sarapis Foundation

“I've wondered if Ecuador would put it's money where it's mouth is in regards to free/libre/open technology/culture/ information/knowledge movement and indeed it seems they have! Fantastic. I'm currently working on a project to provide New York City's civic organizations an ecosystem of FLO software solutions for disaster relief and resilience. The project is called and it's getting nice traction and some significant funding will (hopefully) be distributed to us this coming week. This page gives a pretty concise explanation of the technical components of the project. I wonder if this project could be the basis for a collaboration. We're working with leaders in FLO disaster management software technology - and I'd imagine that Ecuador could benefit from the deployment of these systems.

FLO Legal databases

José Molina Reyes,

I live in Quito, Ecuador. I would like to contribute to your project. I have been working on things like free software, digital freedom, digital rights management, legal databases, Law & IT, Intellectual Property. My background is both in Law and Information technology. For 14 years I was working for a company that provides legal software for the governmental institutions.

I think we need to provide to the public institutions a new, centralized document repository with all the legislative acts and judiciary decisions, so the government will not have to spend huge amounts of money in software licenses to private corporations (LEXIS S.A., EDLE S.A., and others). I suggest Akoma Ntoso (, an XML based standard (developed in Africa with sponsorship from United Nations), as the basis for this new legal database. The National Assembly of Ecuador has been exploring this standard, but they don’t have the infrastructure to develop a solution like the one Ecuador needs, and political issues have stopped the project. We need to coordinate the development of a tool with easy access and strong query options, open to the general public and the governmental institutions.

Recursive Internet Architecture

Gordon Cook,

"Doctorate in Russian history - lifelong interest in governing systems and 22 years as self-employed publisher on Internet technology policy and economics. I have a global network of key people in all the areas of interest to the Ecuadorian plan. My network covers "the material infrastructures in support of the open knowledge commons." Over the past year I have made myself an expert in the global free network movements including alterMundi Argentina and elsewhere in South America. The key bedrock of this movement is that basic Internet infrastructure both mesh wireless and fiber must be held as a commons in such a way that it can never be acquired by a third party. However, there are other very significant Internet applications primarily within the global research and education community. From 2008 to 2012 I have published several major studies of what is happening here, including under Surfnet's leadership, the use of this infrastructure to establish a global collaborative operating system for open scientific research. I know all the key people in these communities as well. I have within the last three years and published research on telemedicine; the internet of things; the Internet in public education reform; grid computing and the Internet and life sciences and so on. Since the 2008 crash I have intensively studied and written about the need for P2P social organization and economic reform – that of Steve Keen and the modern monetary theory for example - I published two issues on the P2P foundation in 2010 and was told at the time that this work was the most extensive on what Michel Bauwens and P2P was doing that had ever been written up by third-party. Finally, under current conditions getting access to capital will be difficult for Ecuador and with regard to this problem the work that I have done earlier this year on the John Day and his re-cursive Internet architecture - a complete rewrite of the TCP/IP-based Internet that will be open source and publicly available in 2014 is knowledge that can contribute to the policy planning in Ecuador. This software will be incredibly useful. And finally I have the only complete writeup of the answer to over provisioning of bandwidth on the Internet that, properly implemented, enables throughput of the hardware technology necessary to support the network to more than double. The implication here is that for a set capital expenditure, the output of the resulting network can be doubled or more."

Stream 5: Commons’ Infrastructure for Collective Life, Janice Figueiredo

NORA commons ontology

Wolfgang Hoechsele and the Commons Abundance Network

Status of communications as of 28.11.2013: NORA presented to other researchers, most likely will be used as repository (TBC 29.11.2013)

Rural Commons issues

Fran Quiroga ,

I have been working and studying in the field of rural affairs for the last five years. I have been studying about commons in Galicia, following the work of Elinor Ostrom and have simultaneously participated in the study of the use of internet by the rural population. The project, in which I was involved, worked as a platform to sell products from family farmers, and was awarded the 2012 Prize Foods from Spain by the Ministry of Farm, Food and Environment in the category of Best Selling Initiative. Finally, I am currently studying in the Study Group of Ecologies, New Territory and Landscapes in the Contemporary culture Center “Matadero” in Madrid. At the same time I am the leader of the area of study about Rural Commons, in the Lab of Commons, Medialab Prado , Madrid (Spain). As well I am co-coordinator of the cultural project O Monte é noso_sacando procomún, this project has three dispositives: Space of Communal Investigation, Expanded Cartographies and Intervention in local context ( ) . In my blog you can see more information about my works.

Urban Commons 1

Michael Mehaffy,, Structura Naturalis Inc.

Michael Mehaffy is Executive Director of Portland, Oregon based Sustasis Foundation, a think tank that researches and develops neighborhood-scale and peer-to-peer tools and strategies for human and urban development. Among fellow board members is Ward Cunningham, inventor of Wiki and a leader in development of open source and peer to peer methods. Michael has consulted extensively in Latin America, most recently on the Yachay City of Knowledge project in Ecuador. His focus was on opportunities to use cities as "social reactor networks" to expand human capacity and quality of life.

Urban Commons 2

Marco Casagrande,, Biourban acupuncture

Marco Casagrande writing. I am happy to learn about your co-operation with Michel Bauwens on his operation with Ecuador. I would like to support from the angles of local knowledge interpretation in architectural, environmental, community and biourban development. For the bio-social restoration of existing cities I would be happy to produce methods of biourban acupuncture in co-operation with Dr. Stefano Serafini / International Society of Biourbanism. Marco Casagrande, Architect Principal / Casagrande Laboratory / Finland +358.50.3089166

Ecological and Sustainability Issues

Nicholas Anastasopoulos,, PROMETEO CANDIDATE

Theory and practice on concepts of sustainability, resilience and their relationship with the Ecuadorean principles of buen vivir/ Sumak Kawsay and Pachamama, informed by systems and complexity theories. Collaboration with FLOK Society research program/Quito (Michael Bauwens); the Los Andes University Bogota, Colombia (Complexity Research unit/Angela Espinosa). Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICREA/ Giorgos Kallis). More collaborations are expected to be fostered along the way with national and international, (Latin American, North American, Australian and European) Institutions."

Complementary / community currencies

  • Chris Cook
  • Marco Giustini
  • Marc Gauvin